Traumatic Brain Injury Information

I have appeared on Real Radio 104.1 discussing traumatic brain injuries from car collisions. The two most common questions I am asked are:

  1. Can a traumatic brain injury can occur due to a whiplash effect with no blow to the head? and
  2. What are some common signs and symptoms of a traumatic brain injury?

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A traumatic brain injury can occur with a whiplash type injury because the brain can be jolted backwards and forwards inside the skull, damaging brain tissue.  The brain sits inside th skull cushioned with fluid , but forceful jerking movements of the head can cause the brain to impact surfaces inside the skull. The inside of the skull is not one smooth surface. There are ridges and points inside the skull that can damage brain tissue with motion of the brain inside the skull, especially when the head is turned when the whiplash effect occurs.

Skull-Interior

Some signs and symptoms of a traumatic brain injury may include the following, and a brain injury may be present with only several of the following:

  • Headaches
  • Confusion
  • Temporary loss of consciousness
  • Memory issues
  • Difficulty focusing
  • Difficulty multi-tasking
  • Decreased attention span
  • Decreased concentration
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty getting the right words out in conversation (the retrieve button)
  • Difficulty remembering (the save button)
  • Slowed thinking – a feeling of brain fog
  • Diminished or altered smell or taste
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep difficulty
  • Irritability

If you feel a traumatic brain injury is present, it is important to consult with a neurologist who can evaluate you and order the latest non-invasive testing to evaluate whether a traumatic brain injury is present and the available non-invasive treatment options.